The City of Karlovy Vary
The city of Karlovy Vary was founded in the 14th century by Emperor Charles IV. Legend has it that he built it soon after the chance discovery of thermal springs by his hunting entourage. By the 16th century, the spa had found favour with many aristocratic families and rich burghers. Natural disasters, however, mean that few buildings remain of that era. Most architectural monuments therefore date back to the 18th and 19th centuries, when the city enjoyed a “period of plenty”.